Six dead as Cyclone Mocha makes landfall in western Myanmar coast

Powerful Cyclone Mocha made landfall in western Myanmar Sunday, killing six people and bringing down trees, residents said, as humanitarian agencies warned of a severe impact on “hundreds of thousands of vulnerable people.”
The cyclone had earlier on Sunday intensified to a Category Five storm, with wind speeds reaching as high as 220 kilometers per hour (137 miles per hour), according to the Myanmar Department of Meteorology and Hydrology.
At least six people have been reported dead across Myanmar.
The United Nations and its humanitarian partners said they are preparing a “scaled-up cyclone response.”
Local residents take shelter in Kyauktaw in Myanmar’s Rakhine state on May 14, 2023, as Cyclone Mocha crashes ashore. Credit: AFP

The U.N. Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) in Myanmar said before the cyclone, an estimated six million people were “already in humanitarian need” in western Myanmar’s Rakhine state, and the regions of Chin, Magway and Sagaing, where Mocha is expected to hit.
“Collectively, these states in the country’s west host 1.2 million displaced people, many of whom are fleeing conflict and are living in the open without proper shelter,” said OCHA, warning of “a nightmare scenario.” 
Earlier fears that the cyclone might directly hit Cox’s Bazar in Bangladesh – where up to one million Rohingya refugees live in crowded, low-lying camps – did not materialize, reported a correspondent for BenarNews, an online news outlet affiliated with Radio Free Asia.
The cyclone made landfall at around 3 p.m. and moved on from the area after 5 p.m. It missed Cox"s Bazar city but hit the sub-district and town of Teknaf, refugee camps in Teknaf and Saint Martin’s Island in the Bay of Bengal, damaging houses and uprooting trees, the correspondent reported.
About 2,000 houses were destroyed – including 1,200 houses on Saint Martin’s Island – and there was damage to 10,000 other homes, according to Muhammad Shaheen Imran, the head of Cox’s Bazar district civil administration. 
There were no reports of landslides in Teknaf, as feared by authorities.
“Thank God, we have been saved,” Bangladesh’s Minister for Disaster Management and Relief Md. Enamur Rahman told BenarNews. “We feared for huge damage, but we have yet to get reports of major damage.”
Saint Martin’s Island resident Halim Ali told BenarNews that his house was flattened and his belongings were washed away.
“Saint Martin’s is a devasted place: houses destroyed, trees uprooted,” he said.
A local resident is seen through a broken door in Kyauktaw in Myanmar’s Rakhine state on May 14, 2023. Credit: AFP

Roxy Mathew Koll, a climate scientist at the Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology in Pune, said that Mocha is one of the biggest storms that has ever occurred in the Bay of Bengal.
“It is stronger than Nargis,” Koll told RFA, referring to the cyclone that left nearly 140,000 people dead and missing in 2008.
Cyclone Mocha formed on Thursday, causing heavy rains and a coastal surge in Rakhine state starting on Friday. 
“Cyclone frequency is more or less the same in the Bay of Bengal – but once they form, they are intensifying quickly,” the scientist said. “This is in response to warmer oceans under climate change.”
Killed by falling trees
Mocha started crossing the Rakhine coast in southwestern Myanmar on Sunday afternoon.
In Tachileik city in northeastern Shan state, a married couple were buried in their house in a landslide caused by heavy rains on Sunday morning, according to the Hla Moe Tachilek Social Assistance Association.
Two people in Rakhine state, one man in the Irrawaddy region and another man in the Mandalay region were killed by falling trees.
Strong winds and heavy rainfall hit ThekayPyin Rohingya camp in Sittwe, Rakhine, Myanmar, May 14, 2023 in this screengrab taken from a handout video. Credit: Handout via Reuters

In Sittwe, Rakhine state’s capital, a telecom tower collapsed under high winds and mobile phone signals are down. Residents have been sharing images of damaged houses and roads on social media.
The winds were still ravaging Sittwe as of Sunday afternoon and local authorities warned its 150,000 inhabitants to stay indoors.
Hundreds of Sittwe’s residents were already evacuated to the inland town of Mrauk-U on Saturday. 
The Arakan Army, an ethnic Rakhine rebel group, said more than 10,000 people had been relocated from 21 villages on the coast and in low-lying areas in the state since Thursday.
Reported by Abdur Rahman in Cox"s Bazar and Kamran Reza Chowdhury in Dhaka for BenarNews, and by RFA staff. Edited by Paul Eckert and Matt Reed.


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